Ephesus

In the 1st cent. CE a port at the mouth of the River Cayster on the west coast of Asia Minor. Today it is Seljuk in Turkey; because of silting, it lies about 5 kms (3 miles) from the sea. In the course of six centuries it passed through a succession of Greek, Persian, and Roman regimes and in the era of the NT (where it is mentioned some twenty times) the site was the fourth largest in the empire—prosperous, with splendid streets lined with colonnades, and a temple dedicated to Artemis (Diana) which was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Paul took advantage of the constant traffic across to Corinth. He travelled to and fro (2 Cor. 12:14; 13:1) and the Corinthian correspondence was penned in Ephesus. Not that all was calm and uninterrupted; once ‘he fought with beasts’ at Ephesus (1 Cor. 15:32), either literally or metaphorically; and a mass meeting of protest was staged in the theatre when Demetrius, convener of the silversmiths' union, urged that the propagation of Paul's monotheism was putting in jeopardy their lucrative trade in statues of the great goddess. On this occasion the asiarchs (appointed to promote emperor worship) were minded to sympathize with Paul for breaking the Artemis monopoly (Acts 19:31). Nevertheless, Paul discreetly said farewell and sailed for Greece, leaving behind an established Church—Aquila and Priscilla among the members—with elders (Acts 20:17). The Church was destined for a long history: the gospel of John may have been written there by ‘John the Elder’ (of 2 and 3 John?): even the seer of Revelation (2:1–7) gives it a favourable review, and in 431 CE the Church Council which condemned the heresy of Nestorius was held there.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Ephesus — • A titular archiespiscopal see in Asia Minor, said to have been founded in the eleventh century B.C. by Androcles, son of the Athenian King Codrus, with the aid of Ionian colonists Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ephesus     Eph …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • EPHESUS — EPHESUS, Greek city on the W. coast of Asia Minor, at the mouth of the River Cayster. Ephesus had an important Jewish community in the first century and its beginning apparently goes back to the early Hellenistic era. Information about it is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, GA U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 388 Housing Units (2000): 170 Land area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ephesus, GA — U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 388 Housing Units (2000): 170 Land area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • EPHESUS — urbs Ioniae, Emporium totius Asiae citer. celeberrimum, Amazonum opus, quemadmodum et Iustin. scribit l. 2. c. 4. et Plin. retulit. l. 5. c. 29. Haec civitas loco cavo olim habitata diluvium passa est, quo cum plurimi exstincti essent, Lysimachus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ephesus — Ephĕsus (grch. Ephĕsos), im Altertum eine der ion. Zwölfstädte an der Westküste Kleinasiens, unweit der Mündung des Kaystros, bedeutende Handelsstadt mit berühmtem Artemistempel (Artemision, von Herostratos 356 angezündet); 431 fand das dritte… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, die Hauptstadt in Ionien, im alten Griechenland, war der Sage nach von Amazonen erbaut worden. Hier stand der berühmte Tempel der Artemis (Diana) und eine große Menge von Prachtgebäuden. – Jener weltberühmte Tempel brannte 400 Jahre vor… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, uralte Stadt in Kleinasien, später durch jonische Einwanderer aus Athen unter Androklus, dem Sohne des Kodrus, besetzt, theilte die Schicksale der kleinasiatischen Griechen, war aber noch unter röm. Herrschaft eine wohlbevölkerte und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Greek city in ancient Asia Minor, center of worship for Artemis, Gk. Ephesos, traditionally derived from ephoros “overseer,” in reference to its religious significance, but this might be folk etymology …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ephesus — [ef′i səs] ancient Greek city in W Asia Minor, near what is now Izmir, Turkey: site of a large temple of Artemis ( c. 550 B.C. A.D. 260) …   English World dictionary

  • Ephesus — Infobox Settlement official name = Ephesus (Polytonic|Ἔφεσος) other name = (Efes) native name = Ancient City of Anatolia imagesize = 280px image caption = The Celsus LibraryLocation map Turkey label=Ephesus label size=100 lat=37.939722… …   Wikipedia

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